How Many Types of Bricks Are There in India?

India, a vast and diverse country, is renowned for it’s rich history and architectural heritage. When it comes to construction, one integral element that’s played a pivotal role is bricks. These unassuming yet essential building blocks have been used for centuries to create magnificent structures that showcase India's architectural brilliance. The land is adorned with a plethora of brick types, each with it’s own distinct characteristics and purposes. From the traditional red clay bricks that line the ancient streets of Varanasi to the elegant and sleek fly ash bricks that define the modern urban landscape, India boasts a wide array of brick varieties. These bricks aren’t only functional in holding up grand structures but also reflect the cultural and regional nuances of this diverse nation. Over time, the evolution and innovation in brick manufacturing techniques have given birth to different types of bricks with varying proportions, sizes, colors, textures, and strengths.

What Is the Standard Brick Size in India?

This standard brick size is widely used in the construction industry in India. It’s considered as the most common and popular size for brickwork. The brick is rectangular in shape and has a length of 190 mm, a breadth of 90 mm, and a height of 90 mm.

However, it’s important to note that the actual size of the brick after adding mortar thickness is slightly larger. The mortar thickness is typically around 10 mm on each side. Therefore, the total size of the brick including mortar is 200 mm x 100 mm x 100 mm. This is referred to as the nominal size of the modular brick.

The standard brick size is regulated by the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) to ensure uniformity and compatibility in construction practices across the country. This allows for easy calculation of dimensions, accurate estimation of materials, and efficient construction processes.

In addition to the standard brick size, there are also special bricks available in different sizes and shapes for specific purposes. These include bullnose bricks, jumbo bricks, and hollow bricks.

Brick Alternatives: Discuss Alternative Building Materials That Can Be Used in Place of Traditional Bricks, Such as Concrete Blocks, Fly Ash Bricks, and AAC Blocks. Explain the Advantages and Disadvantages of These Materials and Their Impact on Construction Practices in India.

  • Concrete blocks
  • Fly ash bricks
  • AAC blocks

Concrete blocks are a popular alternative to traditional bricks. They’re manufactured using a mixture of cement, sand, and aggregate. Some advantages of concrete blocks include their strength and durability. However, they can be more expensive than traditional bricks.

Fly ash bricks are made from fly ash, a byproduct of coal-fired power plants. They’re strong, lightweight, and offer thermal insulation. The use of fly ash bricks can help reduce environmental impact by utilizing waste material. However, their adoption is still limited in some areas due to the availability of fly ash.

AAC (Autoclaved Aerated Concrete) blocks are another alternative to traditional bricks. They’re lightweight, provide excellent thermal insulation, and have good acoustic properties. AAC blocks are made from a mixture of sand, lime, cement, and water. They’re known for their strength and energy efficiency. However, AAC blocks can be costlier compared to other alternatives.

Overall, these alternative building materials offer various advantages and drawbacks. Their impact on construction practices in India depends on factors such as availability, cost, and government regulations.

There are several factors to consider when it comes to choosing the type of bricks for construction in India. The most commonly used bricks in the country are burnt clay bricks. These bricks are made from clay and are molded into the desired shape before being baked in a kiln. Burnt clay bricks are known for their durability, strength, and insulation properties, making them a popular choice for various construction projects. They’re also readily available in different sizes and shapes, making it easier to customize and design structures according to specific requirements.

Which Bricks Are Mostly Used in India?

The red clay bricks, in particular, are widely used throughout the country. These bricks have a rustic appearance, with a traditional appeal that adds to the architectural beauty of many Indian buildings. The manufacturing process involves shaping the clay mixture into bricks and then firing them in a kiln at high temperatures. This process gives the bricks their characteristic red color.

Another type of brick commonly used in India is the fly ash brick. Made from a mixture of fly ash, sand, lime, and gypsum, these bricks are known for their strength and thermal properties. They’re often used in construction projects that require high-quality, environmentally friendly materials. Fly ash bricks also have excellent fire resistance and can withstand extreme weather conditions.

Concrete bricks are also widely used in India due to their durability and strength. Made from a mixture of cement, sand, and aggregate, these bricks are manufactured using concrete molds.

AAC (Autoclaved Aerated Concrete) bricks are gaining popularity in India as well. These lightweight bricks are made from a mixture of cement, lime, water, and an aerating agent. The mixture is then poured into molds and cured in an autoclave, resulting in bricks with excellent thermal insulation and acoustic properties. AAC bricks are known for their strength, durability, and energy efficiency.

In addition to these commonly used bricks, there are also specialty bricks available in India, such as load-bearing bricks, refractory bricks, and hollow bricks. Load-bearing bricks are specifically designed to bear heavy loads and are commonly used in the construction of columns and load-bearing walls. Refractory bricks are highly heat-resistant and are used in the construction of furnaces, kilns, and other high-temperature applications. Hollow bricks, on the other hand, have hollow cavities that make them lighter and provide better thermal insulation.

Overall, the choice of bricks in India depends on various factors such as the specific construction requirements, environmental considerations, and cost-effectiveness. The bricks mentioned above are some of the most commonly used types in the country, each with it’s own unique properties and benefits.

Source: What’s the most common type of bricks used in Indian …

When it comes to quality bricks in India, one name stands out – Bharat Bricks Pvt. Ltd. Known as the best brick company in the country, Bharat Bricks offers a wide range of options to meet every requirement. In addition to bricks, their sister company Bharat Blocks Pvt. Ltd. specializes in manufacturing various types of blocks and tiles, ensuring customers have access to a comprehensive selection of construction materials. You can trust Bharat Bricks Pvt. Ltd. and Bharat Blocks Pvt. Ltd. to provide you with superior quality products for any building project.

Which Is the Best Quality Brick in India?

Their products are known for their exceptional quality and durability. They strive to offer the best quality bricks in India, using advanced technology and continuous research to improve their manufacturing processes. Their team of experts ensures that every brick meets the highest industry standards.

One of the key factors that sets Bharat Bricks Pvt. Ltd. apart from their competitors is their commitment to environmental sustainability. They prioritize the use of eco-friendly materials and production techniques, ensuring that their bricks have minimal impact on the environment. This makes their products a popular choice among architects and builders who’re conscious about green construction practices.

In addition to quality, Bharat Bricks Pvt. Ltd. also offers a wide range of bricks to suit various construction needs. Whether you’re looking for clay bricks, fly ash bricks, or any other type, they’ve got you covered. They believe in providing customized solutions to their clients, making sure that their products meet all the specific requirements of the project.

Another factor that makes Bharat Bricks Pvt. Ltd. stand out is their excellent customer service. They’ve a team of dedicated professionals who’re always ready to assist their customers with any inquiries or concerns. They strive to build long-term relationships with their clients, ensuring that their needs are met and their expectations are exceeded.

With their focus on sustainability, wide range of products, and exceptional customer service, they’ve established themselves as a leading name in the industry.

Comparison of Different Types of Bricks Available in India (Clay Bricks, Fly Ash Bricks, Etc.)

  • Clay bricks
  • Fly ash bricks
  • Concrete bricks
  • Sand lime bricks
  • Engineering bricks
  • Fire bricks
  • AAC blocks
  • Hollow bricks
  • Porotherm bricks

The specification for building bricks is given in ASTM C 62, which outlines the requirements for both clay and shale bricks. This standard serves as a guide for manufacturers and contractors in ensuring the quality and integrity of bricks used in construction projects. Learn more about the different aspects covered by ASTM C 62 in the following sections.

What Is the ASTM Code for Bricks?

The ASTM code for bricks, which outlines the specifications for building bricks, is documented in ASTM C 6This code provides a comprehensive set of guidelines that cover various aspects of brick production, quality, and performance.

Compressive strength refers to the maximum load a brick can withstand without failure under specific testing conditions. Dimensions encompass various measurements, such as length, width, and height, ensuring consistency in brick sizing. Absorption specifies the amount of moisture a brick can absorb, while the saturation coefficient determines how easily the brick reaches it’s maximum absorption capacity.

Efflorescence, another criterion, pertains to the visible white deposits that can sometimes appear on the surface of bricks. ASTM C 62 provides guidelines to minimize the occurrence of efflorescence, as it can impact both aesthetic appeal and structural integrity.

Architects, engineers, and contractors rely on these specifications to ensure they select and use bricks that support the structural requirements of their designs.

It outlines various criteria such as compressive strength, dimensions, absorption, saturation coefficient, and efflorescence to ensure that bricks produced meet industry standards, ultimately contributing to the structural integrity and safety of construction projects.

Brick Testing Procedures: This Topic Could Delve Into the Specific Procedures Used to Test the Properties of Bricks, Such as Compressive Strength Testing, Absorption Testing, Efflorescence Testing, and Dimensional Testing. It Would Provide Insights Into How These Tests Are Conducted and What the Results Indicate About the Quality and Performance of the Bricks.

Brick testing procedures involve a range of tests to assess the properties of bricks. These tests include measuring compressive strength, absorption levels, efflorescence, and dimensions. By conducting these tests, experts can determine the quality and performance of the bricks. The results of these tests enable professionals to make informed decisions about the suitability of the bricks for various applications.

Class B Engineering bricks are highly valued for their exceptional compressive strength and minimal water absorption, ensuring their suitability for both above and below ground applications. These bricks are primarily utilized for their impressive durability and strength, rather than for their aesthetic attributes.

What Is B Bricks?

B bricks, also known as Class B Engineering bricks, are a type of brick that possess exceptional properties making them ideal for construction purposes above or below the ground. These bricks are specifically designed to offer a combination of high compressive strength and low water absorption rates.

One of the distinguishing features of B bricks is their remarkable strength and durability. They’re engineered to withstand significant forces and pressures, making them highly suitable for load-bearing applications. These bricks are commonly utilized in structures where superior strength is required, such as foundations, retaining walls, and other critical structural components.

In addition to their strength, B bricks exhibit a remarkably low rate of water absorption. This makes them ideal for use in areas where water exposure is prevalent, such as in basements or water treatment facilities. The low absorption rate protects the integrity of the brick by preventing excess moisture from seeping into the material, thereby enhancing it’s longevity.

Their color often ranges from deep reddish-brown to dark grey, providing a classic and timeless appeal. This makes these bricks suitable for various architectural designs, both traditional and contemporary, where a combination of strength, durability, and a pleasing appearance is desired.

Furthermore, their versatile aesthetic qualities make them an excellent choice for architects and builders seeking functional yet visually appealing building materials.


In conclusion, India boasts a rich diversity and extensive range of brick types, each crafted with distinctive qualities and locally-sourced materials. From the rustic charm of handmade bricks to the precision of machine-made ones, the country has evolved an extraordinary array of bricks that resonate with it’s vibrant architecture and cultural heritage. Whether it be the traditional red bricks, the eco-friendly fly ash bricks, or the modern engineering bricks, India's brick industry continues to innovate and adapt to changing requirements. The enduring legacy of bricks in Indian construction remains an indispensable part of the nation's architectural identity.

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