When to Use Stainless Steel Brick Ties

When it comes to construction projects in coastal areas, the importance of using corrosion-resistant materials can’t be understated. One such material is stainless steel, which proves to be a reliable choice for brick ties. While it may be tempting to opt for ordinary galvanized mild steel brick ties, this decision can lead to hidden damage in the long run. The harsh effects of salt in coastal environments can wreak havoc on brick walls, making it imperative to choose the right brick specification. By utilizing stainless steel brick ties, builders can ensure the maximum effectiveness and longevity of their structures. These ties are designed to resist corrosion, providing a reliable and secure connection between bricks.

When Were Stainless Steel Wall Ties Introduced?

These cracks, known as mortar bursting or pattern cracking, occur due to the tension caused by the expanding mild steel wall ties. Additionally, the rust that forms on the ties can stain the masonry, leading to an unsightly appearance.

To address these issues, stainless steel wall ties were developed. Made from a corrosion-resistant alloy, these ties provide a long-lasting solution for securing the outer leaf of masonry walls to the inner leaf.

This is particularly important in modern construction, where energy conservation is a key consideration. These ties can also be designed to accommodate different cavity widths and wall types, making them versatile and suitable for various construction projects.

Benefits of Stainless Steel Wall Ties Compared to Mild Steel Wall Ties

Stainless steel wall ties offer several advantages over mild steel wall ties. Firstly, stainless steel is exceptionally resistant to corrosion, which means that it’s much less likely to rust or degrade over time. This makes stainless steel wall ties highly durable, ensuring long-lasting performance and reducing the need for frequent replacements. Additionally, stainless steel is stronger than mild steel, providing enhanced structural support and stability. Moreover, stainless steel wall ties have a more aesthetic appeal as they maintain their polished appearance, even in harsh environmental conditions. This makes them a popular choice for architects and builders who prioritize both functionality and visual appeal. Overall, the benefits of stainless steel wall ties include superior corrosion resistance, increased strength, durability, and an attractive appearance.

Stainless steel has emerged as the material of choice for manufacturing wall ties due to it’s exceptional resistance to corrosion caused by contact with water and cement. With it’s wide availability and readily accessible commercial supply, stainless steel eliminates the need for additional protective measures, making it a reliable and cost-effective choice for producing durable and long-lasting wall ties.

Why Is Stainless Steel Recommended for Manufacturing Wall Ties?

Stainless steel has emerged as the preferred material for manufacturing wall ties due to it’s durability and resistance to corrosion. Unlike other materials, stainless steel resists corrosion from water and cement, which are commonly encountered in construction environments.

They can be used in different types of walls, such as brick, block, or concrete, offering flexibility and compatibility with diverse construction projects.

The Different Types of Stainless Steel Wall Ties Available and Their Specific Uses

  • Austenitic stainless steel wall ties: used in situations where high corrosion resistance is required, such as in coastal areas.
  • Duplex stainless steel wall ties: suitable for applications where both high strength and resistance to corrosion are necessary.
  • Ferritic stainless steel wall ties: commonly used in environments with moderate corrosion potential, such as industrial and urban areas.
  • Precipitation hardening stainless steel wall ties: provides a combination of strength and corrosion resistance, ideal for demanding structural applications.
  • Martensitic stainless steel wall ties: known for their high strength and hardness, commonly used in the construction industry.
  • Heat-resistant stainless steel wall ties: designed to withstand high temperatures, often used in industrial settings like power plants.
  • Crevice corrosion-resistant stainless steel wall ties: used in areas prone to crevice corrosion, such as around washers and nuts.
  • High-strength stainless steel wall ties: specifically engineered to provide exceptional strength and tensile properties.

The lifespan of galvanised wall ties has long been a topic of discussion among construction professionals. In the past, these ties were made from galvanised mild steel and were commonly believed to last the lifetime of the building. However, recent discoveries have revealed that these wall ties can deteriorate and corrode after just 15 to 20 years. This has sparked a rethinking of wall tie design and the materials used in their construction.

How Long Do Galvanised Wall Ties Last?

This corrosion occurs due to moisture and exposure to the elements, which gradually weakens the strength and integrity of the ties. As a result, buildings constructed before 1978 may be at risk of structural issues if their galvanised wall ties have deteriorated.

To address this issue, wall tie design has evolved significantly in recent years. Modern wall ties are often made from more durable materials, such as stainless steel or high-performance alloys, which offer enhanced corrosion resistance. These newer materials have been specifically designed to withstand the rigors of time, ensuring the longevity of the wall ties.

In addition to the choice of material, wall tie design now incorporates features that help to prevent moisture ingress and reduce the risk of corrosion. This includes improved coating technologies, such as hot-dip galvanization or specialist anti-corrosion coatings, which provide an additional barrier against moisture and other corrosive factors.

Furthermore, wall tie installation practices have also improved to ensure optimal performance and longevity. Proper spacing, alignment, and secure fixing of the ties are crucial to maintain the structural stability of the building. Regular inspection and maintenance of wall ties are essential to identify any signs of corrosion or damage and take appropriate remedial action.

When it comes to choosing the right wall ties for cavity walls, there are a few options to consider. For cavities up to 100mm, Type 2 wall ties are suitable. These ties are designed to securely fasten two masonry leaves together. On the other hand, Type 3 wall ties are ideal for commercial or domestic buildings up to 15m in height, as long as the wind speed doesn’t exceed 25m/sec. Now let’s explore the importance of selecting the correct wall ties for different types of structures.

What Type of Wall Ties Would You Use in This Cavity?

When considering the appropriate type of wall ties to use in a cavity, it’s important to take into account the specific requirements and limitations of the project. Type 2 wall ties are generally suitable for cavities up to 100mm in width. These ties are designed to effectively secure two masonry leaves together, providing structural stability and preventing movement between the two walls. They’re commonly used in various construction projects, ranging from residential buildings to commercial structures.

On the other hand, type 3 wall ties offer a basic duty wire design. However, type 3 wall ties are generally suitable for use in commercial or domestic buildings that have a height limit of 15m. It’s important to note that the wind speed shouldn’t exceed 25m/sec in such cases.

The use of appropriate wall ties is crucial for ensuring the structural integrity of the building. By securely tying the masonry leaves together, it prevents any risk of movement or separation. This becomes particularly significant in areas with high wind speeds or other external forces that can exert pressure on the walls.

This ensures that the ties chosen are fit for purpose and can effectively support the weight and structural demands of the masonry walls.

Additionally, the materials used in the construction of the wall ties should be of high quality and corrosion-resistant to ensure longevity and durability. This is crucial for maintaining the integrity of the ties and preventing any potential corrosion-related issues in the future.

Different Types of Ties for Different Cavity Widths

When it comes to tying different cavity widths, there are several types of ties available. These ties are specifically designed to accommodate the varying sizes of cavities. They can be categorized into different styles and materials. These ties offer versatility and ensure a secure fit for different cavity widths. It’s important to choose the right type of tie for each specific cavity to ensure a proper and effective outcome.


In summary, the utilization of stainless steel brick ties is essential for any construction within a coastal area. This corrosion-resistant alternative ensures longevity and effectiveness in combating salt damage, which can significantly impact the stability and appearance of brick walls.

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